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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 大學一年級新生身心適應困難(2002,2月1日)。高等教育紀事報。
  2. 江美慧(2003)。國中生的公民知識與態度之研究—以高雄市國三學生為對象。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 何英奇(1990)。大學生自我認證與次文化近五年間的轉變:以師大教育院系學生為例。教育心理學報,23,119-142。
  4. 李金治(2003)。國立台灣師範大學四年級學生生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其身心健康之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 李燕鳴、劉文玲、陳福士(2002)。東華大學一年級新生的生活適應。慈濟醫學, 14(6),365-372。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃琡雯(2013)。高職輪調式建教合作僑生專班學生生活適應之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-152。 
  2. 陳秀貞(2006)。影響大學生睡眠品質相關因素之研究-以某技術學院為例。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-95。
  3. 蕭淳桓(2009)。某技術學院學生宿舍社會氣氛知覺與住宿功能滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-296。
  4. 王介汶(2010)。大學學生宿舍內人際問題及處理方式研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2010。1-301。
  5. 黃世雄(2010)。影響大學生學習成果路徑模式之研究─以「台灣高等教育資料庫」大三學生為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2010。1-267。
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