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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 7.吳雪綺(2001)。批判性思考教學之知識論基礎探究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文。系統編號:89NTNU0331039。
    2. 9.洪久賢、蔡長艷(1997)。家政科實施批判思考教學之實踐與成效評估研究。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。NSC86-2745-H003-008R。
    3. 11.陳文典(1998)。另類教學模式一做了再說。1998年中華民國物理教育學術研討會論文彙編,P.84~93。
    4. 17.張玉成、郭麗珠(2002)。國小社會科實施批判思考教學之實驗研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。國家圖書館,90NTPTC611014。
    5. 28.歐用生、楊慧文(1999)。國民教育課程綱要的內涵與特色。師友,379,P.15。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王心盈(2009)。批判思考教學成效之後設分析。臺東大學教育學系課程與教學碩士班學位論文。2009。1-117。 
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