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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李義男(民85)。童軍自然教育思想之探討。台北:公民訓育學報第五輯。
  2. 何英奇(民75)。自我觀念評量的探討。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所集刊,28,75-79。
  3. 呂建政(民83)。國民中學童軍教育課程研究。台北:水牛。
  4. 蔡居澤(民84)。探索教育與心療活動之探討。台北:公民訓育學報第四輯。
  5. Bruner, J. (1960). The process of education. New York: Vintage Books.
Times Cited (65) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淳菱(2015)。國中生學業挫敗之自我歸因、覺知他人歸因與自我概念之相關研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-122。 
  2. 溫崑明(2005)。台北市高職生自我概念與生涯發展之相關研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-199。 
  3. 魏于雯(2017)。景觀戶外教學課程應用與實踐歷程-以中原大學景觀學系「向自然學習」為例。中原大學景觀學研究所學位論文。2017。1-159。 
  4. 林芊穎(2014)。無痕山林課程對小學生準則知識與環境態度之影響。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2014。1-96。 
  5. 陳修蕙(2010)。繩索挑戰課程對高關懷青少年之影響研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2010。1-165。 
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