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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖、林鴻堯、丘莫(1997):合作學習。師友,364期,頁34-。
  2. 王澄霞、林梅芬(1994):開發溫室效應STS單元,第十屆科學教育研討會。12月17-18日。國立台灣師範大學,台北。計劃編號:NSC-83-0111-s-003-057。
  3. 林金盾(2000):九年一貫「自然科課程的理念與實務」之我見。台北市:新世紀中、小學自然科學課程與師資培育研討會會議手冊。
  4. 洪榮昭(1998):創意領先—如何激發個人與組織的創造力(初版)。台北市:張老師文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 洪蘭譯,Robert J. Sternberg & Todd I. Lubart著(1999):不同凡想:在一窩蜂文化中開拓創造力。台北市:遠流出版社。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鐘敏綺(2004)。應用STS教學於國小自然與生活科技領域之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-195。 
  2. 許婉宜(2007)。STS 教學對學生科學學習成效與科學學習態度影響之統合分析。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-190。 
  3. 陳穎慧(2000)。「九年一貫」後現代課程之STS模組教學研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2000。1-260。
  4. 羅毅峰(2001)。STS理念融入基礎物理網路教學學生學習興趣之探討。臺灣師範大學物理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-201。
  5. 林東充(2004)。奈米、乳霜STS模組教學之成效與科學態度探討。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2004。1-0。
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