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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林清江(民74):重振學校倫理的途徑。師友月刊,212期,頁6。
  2. 陳麗容(民88):高雄縣國中小學教育人員的職業疏離。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. Allinson, C. W. (1984). Breaucratic personality and organization structure. U. S. A.:Gower Publishing Company.
  4. Cherniss, C. (1980). Professional burnout in human service organizations. New York. 62,79-80.
  5. Cox, H., & Wood, J. R. (1980). Organization structure and professional alienation: The case of public school teachers. Journal of Education,58 (1). 1-6.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭素貞(2008)。高雄縣國小運動代表隊組訓現況與阻礙因素調查。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2008。1-104。 
  2. 吳政融(2001)。大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2001。1-147。
  3. 林佩蓁(2010)。臺北縣國民中學特教教師與學校組織疏離感之調查研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-111。
  4. 許曼珊(2014)。教保員工作特性、組織氣氛與工作滿意度之相關研究 ─以新北市、臺中市、高雄市公立國小附設幼兒園為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2014。1-156。
  5. 彭盈婕(2014)。高職餐旅群專業教師的自我評價與無力感對教學熱忱影響之研究-以台中市為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-91。
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