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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林靜雯 (1990): 由概念改變及心智模式初探多重類比對國小四年級學生電學概念學習之影響。台北市︰國立台灣師範大學碩士論文﹙未出版﹚。
  2. Ahn, W. K., Gelman, S. A., Amsterlaw, J. A., Hohenstein, J., & Kalish, C. W. (2000). Causal status effect in children’s categorization. Cognition, 76(2), B35-B43.
  3. Ahn, W., Kalish, C.W., Medin, D.L., & Gelman, S.A. (1995). The role of covariation versus mechanism information in causal attribution. Cognition, 54, 299–352.
  4. Armstrong, S., Gleitman, L. and Gleitman, H. (1983). What some concepts might not be. Cognition, 13, 263-308.
  5. Arons, A. B. (1984). Student patterns of thinking and reasoning, Part Two. The Physics Teacher, 22, 21-26.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴淑慧(2013)。台南地區高中職學生愛情基模、尋求好感方式及分手因應策略關係之研究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2013。1-210。 
  2. 李瓊慧(2001)。以凱利方格法探究國三學生電化學迷思概念。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-108。
  3. 余秀麗(2002)。探討國中三年級學生對於重力概念之瞭解及心智模式。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-169。
  4. 陳智源(2002)。電腦多媒體輔助教學在高一「力與運動」課程的教學成效探討。臺灣師範大學物理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-118。
  5. 賴慧珠(2006)。專家與新手教師在班級經營的知識結構差異研究-以口試題目檢驗之。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-112。
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