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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國八十七年來華旅客消費及動向調查。
  2. 中華民國八十九年來華旅客消費及動向調查。
  3. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(1992)。職業分析手冊。台北:作者。
  4. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(1994)。中華民國行職業分類簡要。台北:作者。
  5. 交通部觀光局(1999b)。中華民國旅館簡介。台北:作者。
Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡美雪(2012)。工作特性與專業能力對會計人員留任意願之影響-以文化契合度為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-82。 
  2. 莊銘中(2007)。台北市國際觀光旅館基層人員招募策略之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-139。 
  3. 洪錦怡(2006)。升學與就業意向對高職餐飲管理科學生技能學習行為影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-201。 
  4. 張嘉華(2009)。救國團育樂營規劃人員專業能力現況之研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-126。 
  5. 蔡銘修(2010)。日本線領隊專業能力分析之研究。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-158。 
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