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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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簡明忠 , Ph.D  Advisor:田振榮;饒達欽  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 305 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田振榮(民85),教育目標,載於江文雄主編。技術及職業教育概論。台北:師大書苑,p1-116。
  2. 林聰明(民82),我國技術及職業教育現況和展望。技術及職業教育雙月刊,第9期。
  3. 周談輝(民74),中國職業教育發展史。台北:國立教育資料館。
  4. 林正芳譯(民88),原著E. Patricia Tsurumir,日治時期台灣教育史。台北:財團法人仰山文教基金會。
  5. 陳惠邦(民86),德國的職業教育和職業繼續教育。台北:師大書苑。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭如絢(2004)。技職教育相關研究所學位論文之內容分析研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2004。1-160。
  2. 林欽賜(2006)。汽車美容從業人員專業能力之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-267。
  3. 紀寰緯(2012)。兩岸高等技術及職業教育學校制度比較研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2012。1-210。
  4. 鄧宇傑(2012)。民國十一年「壬戌學制」的研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-133。
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