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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 270 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何福田(民71)。我國台灣地區中小學教師進修制度之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所博
  2. 輔導區談起。載於中華民國比較教育學會、中華民國師範教育學會主編,師資培育的新課
  3. 呂木琳(民88)。教學視導與學校九年一貫課程規劃。課程與教學季刊,2(2),31-48
  4. 編,進修推廣教育的挑戰與展望。台北:師大書苑。
  5. 李俊湖(民81)。國小教師專業成長與教學效能關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃紹娥(2011)。臺東縣國中教師研習進修成效之研究-以精進教學計畫為例。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-115。 
  2. 洪士雯(2001)。學校本位教師進修之個案研究-以英語科為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2001。1-275。
  3. 鄭淑文(2003)。台灣地區國中教師休閒教育態度與進修需求評估之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2003。1-151。
  4. 曾明惠(2003)。國民中學綜合活動學習領域教師教學歷程分析之行動研究~以臺北市兩所國中教師為例。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2003。1-204。
  5. 吳建華(2003)。國民小學推動組織學習之個案研究:以九年一貫課程實施為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2003。1-239。
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