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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.李源順(1998):校內數學教師專業發展的互動模式。師大學報:科學教育類,民87,43(2),1-23。
  2. 11.張宏志和柳賢(1995):數學科實習教師實習期間之教學相關技能、教學態度及價值觀的改變分析研究。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  3. 12.張淑玲和林福來(2001):一位實習教師的專業社會化歷程。師大學報:科學教育類,46(1,2), 65-88。
  4. 13.陳松靖和金鈐(2001, 12月):準數學教師教學概念的起始狀態分析。論文發表於中華民國第十七屆科學教育學術研討會。高雄市:國立高雄師範大學科學教育研究所。
  5. 14.陳舜芬、丁志仁、和洪儷瑜(1996):師資培育與教師進修制度的檢討。行政院教育改革審議委員會。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃凱旻(2002)。一個輔導中學數學實習教師教學概念轉變的行動研究。臺灣師範大學數學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-117。
  2. 陳碧鳳(2005)。兩位國中數學教師幾何教學概念的個案研究。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2005。1-213。
  3. 徐郁惠(2005)。八位學生數學教師教學價值認同與認知的個案研究。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2005。1-206。
  4. 廖俊傑(2006)。六位學生數學教師教學價值實踐的個案研究。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2006。1-209。
  5. 許秀玲(2006)。六位數學實習教師教學知識變遷的個案研究。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2006。1-378。
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