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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雪茵、鄭伯壎、任金剛(1996):<質性研究中研究者的角色與主觀性>。《本土心理研究》,6期,354-376。
  2. 田芳華(1998):<自傳記憶與事件:生命史調查之應用與前瞻>。《調查研究》,6期,5-38。
  3. 吳文德(2001):《營造校園學習棲地進行校園環境教育之行動研究:以台北市溪山國小為例》。國立台灣師範大學環境教育研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 李炳欣(1995):<環境教育隨機教學初探>。《師友月刊》,341期,26-30。
  5. 林秀珍(1999):《杜威經驗概念之教育涵義》。國立台灣師範大學教育學系,博士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施佑霖(2003)。探索國小學生環境活動經驗、環境感受和環境覺知發展過程之技能-以台北縣市高年級為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-220。
  2. 趙韻婷(2003)。與自然相愛—一個解說員生命經驗的吉光片羽。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2003。1-385。
  3. 李幸美(2010)。探索重要生命經驗與其實踐—一位環境教育者的生命故事。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-269。
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