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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 251 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王振寰,<台灣的政治轉型與反對運動>,台灣社會研究,1989年春季號。
    2. 吳乃德,<人的精神理念在歷史變革中的作用—美麗島事件和台灣民主化>,台灣政治學刊,第4期,2000年12月。
    3. 吳乃德,<搜尋民主化的動力──兼談民主轉型的研究取向>,台灣社會研究季刊,2卷1期,1989,頁145∼161。
    4. 林佳龍,<威權侍從政體下的台灣反對運動—民進黨社會基礎的政治解釋>,台灣社會研究季刊,2卷1期,1988年,頁117∼143。
    5. 林嘉誠,<台灣的社會變遷與反對運動>,中國論壇,335期,1989年9月。
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林竣達(2010)。政治主體的誕生:戰後台灣政治論述及民主概念1970s-1980s。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-174。 
    2. 吳陞銘(2008)。民主進步黨組黨之研究(1978-1987)。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-139。 
    3. 吳宥霖(2006)。戰後臺灣政治案件之補償與平反 ―以「二二八基金會」與「補償基金會」為中心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2006。1-186。 
    4. 沈泰紳(2004)。從統合主義論公共建設民營化(BOT)政策的執行: 臺灣營造產業轉型之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2004。1-466。 
    5. 賴昭呈(2004)。台灣政治反對運動:歷史與組織分析(1947-1986)。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2004。1-488。
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