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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 242 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(民79)。國中階段青少?情緒的發展與問題及輔導。國?臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士?文。
  2. 甘乃瑩(民92)。愛情關係中的不安全感與情緒表達衝突:自我確定性和關係自我確定性的中介效果。臺灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 何英奇(民70)。大學生性別角色與自我概念的關係。教育心理學報,14,221-230。
  4. 何英奇(民74)。我國大學生次文化及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
  5. 吳麗雲(民87)。人際歷程取向團體諮商對不安全依附類型大學生人際困難輔導效果之研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭涵芸(2012)。青年前期獨處經驗之敘說研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-112。 
  2. 許薰月(2012)。青少年獨處經驗之研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-112。 
  3. 曾怡雅(2010)。大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之相關研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-146。 
  4. 蔡茹婷(2014)。青少年的獨處偏好與獨處能力:正念的調節效果。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  5. 吳彩貴(2012)。桃園縣國小六年級學童獨處能力、寂寞感與生活壓力之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-124。 
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