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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張春興、林清山(1991):教育心理學。台北,東華。
    2. 張素貞(2004):國民小學身心障礙資源班教師專業成長之研究-以知能分析和方案規劃為例。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所博士論文。
    3. 陳靜婉(2001):國民小學教師在職進修與專業成長知覺之研究-以彰化縣為例。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
    4. 溫惠君(2001):融合教育指標及其特殊教育績效之探討-以智障學生為例。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
    5. 蔡昆瀛(2000):融合教育的理念的剖析與省思。國教新知,47(1),50-57
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林宜君(2010)。國民中學教師在融合教育下之工作壓力與專業需求研究:以台北縣為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-177。 
    2. 黃雙偉(2010)。國民中小學教師專業成長需求之研究-統合分析取向。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-233。
    3. 黃雙偉(2010)。國民中小學教師專業成長需求之研究-統合分析取向。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-233。
    4. 黃雙偉(2010)。國民中小學教師專業成長需求之研究-統合分析取向。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-233。
    5. 黃雙偉(2010)。國民中小學教師專業成長需求之研究-統合分析取向。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-233。
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