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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Kymlicka 著,劉莘譯,當代政治哲學導論,2003年
  2. 古清華,從著作權法論資料庫的法律問題,資訊法務透析,1992年
  3. 田蔚城主編,生物技術的發展與應用,九州出版,1997年
  4. 吳佩玲,論生技年代下人體組織的權益保護與賠償,台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,2005年
  5. 和綠華,「告知後同意」原則適用於人體試驗之研究-以受試者自主權為核心,中原大學財經法律研究所碩士論文,2004年
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾盈瑄(2015)。台灣人體生物資料庫資料釋出規範─借鏡英國生物資料庫。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-171。 
  2. 蔣偉成(2018)。論台灣人體生物資料庫的利益分享:一個科技民主理念的分析。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2018。1-265。 
  3. 潘元偵(2012)。評我國人體生物資料庫利益回饋規範。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2012。1-126。
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