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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Adger, N. W. (2006). Vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16, 268-281.
  2. 3.Bellenger DN.,KL. Bernhardt, JL. Goldstucker eds.(1976).Qualitative Research inMarketing.Chicago: American Marketing Association.7-28.
  3. 4.Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., DavisI., Wisner, B. (1994). At risk: natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters. London: Routledge.
  4. 6.Brools,N., Adger, N.W., Kelly, P.M. (2005). The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the. Global Environmental change (15):151-163.
  5. 8.Craig, P., Ursula, K., Jonathan, M. (2004). Manual: How to Use the Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI).
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊欣若(2015)。嘉義縣農塘貢德氏赤蛙棲地適宜性評估。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-154。 
  2. 林佳怡(2012)。氣候變遷下鄉村地區脆弱度指標之建構與模擬。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2012。1-131。
  3. 詹昀潔(2014)。都市化對都市脆弱度影響之分析—以台北都會區1971年~2011年之洪災為例。臺北大學都市計劃研究所學位論文。2014。1-156。
  4. 葉亦文(2014)。空間規劃對都市因應氣候變遷影響之空間模擬研究-以臺北都會區為例。臺北大學都市計劃研究所學位論文。2014。1-148。
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