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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 216 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王齡竟、陳毓文,2010,〈家庭衝突、社會支持與青少年憂鬱情緒:檢視同儕、專業與家外成人支持的緩衝作用〉。《中華心理衛生學刊》23(1):65- 97。
  2. 李亦園,1982,《臺灣土著民族的社會與文化》。台北:聯經。
  3. 吳明燁、周玉慧,2009,〈台灣青少年的道德信念:社會依附的影響〉。《台灣
  4. 周愫嫻,2000,〈愛上學的孩子,不會變壞嗎?論學校因素與青少年偏差行為之
  5. 侯崇文,2001,〈家庭結構、家庭關係與青少年偏差行為〉。《應用心理學研究》 11:25- 43。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昭鋆(2011)。影響臺灣青少年偏差行為之貫時性研究-以TEPS資料分析為例。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-140。
  2. 黃婉兒(2016)。菸知非福? 少年吸菸行為影響的因素與中立化歷程。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2016。1-66。
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