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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王澤鑑,法律思維與民法實例─請求權基礎理論體系,三民,2011年8月。
  2. 6. 吳從周,以一訴主張數項標的之價額計算─兼評最高法院九六年度台抗字第六七七號裁定,台灣法學第164期,2010年11月,頁45-60。
  3. 8. 吳從周、陳亭禎,請求登報道歉回復名譽之訴訟標的價額計算─簡評最高法院九十八年台抗字第一○二號裁定,月旦裁判時報第6期,2010年12月,頁63-69。
  4. 14.陳計男,訴之重疊的合併與選擇的合併─試評釋最高法院七十一年度台上字第二三八八號判決,法令月刊第三十七卷第六期,1986年6月,頁11-13。
  5. 1. Münchener Kommentar, ZPO, 3.Aufl., 2008, Bd. 1.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林兆薇(2015)。民事簡易訴訟程序之研究—以事件類型與救濟為中心。臺北大學法律學系一般生組學位論文。2015。1-183。
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