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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14.李育明(2006),「淺談物質流在產業環境會計之應用」,台灣經濟研究月刊,第29卷,第11期,頁109~117。
  2. 24.吳祥豐(2005),火力發電廠空氣污染防制成本及效益分析,國立臺灣大學環境工程學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 4.Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) (2007), “Guide for Material Flow Cost Accounting,” Environmental Industries Office, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan.
  4. 5.Nakajima, M. and K. Kokubu (2002), “Material Flow Cost Accounting,” Nikkei (in Japanese)
  5. 9.Schaltegger﹐S.Burritt﹐R.(2000)﹐“Contemporary Environmental Accounting –Issues, Concepts and Practice”﹐ Greenleaf Publishing﹐Sheffield.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明文(2011)。臺灣氫氣生產生命週期評估及物質流分析。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2011。1-134。 
  2. 曾惠芬(2010)。火力發電廠經營效率評估-環境會計資訊之應用。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-70。
  3. 伍曉婉(2015)。企業社會責任實行之個案探討。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-79。
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