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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 410 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王振寰、瞿海源編,社會學與台灣社會,巨流,1999年。
  2. 35. Christian Starck著,李建良等譯,法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利,元照,2006年。
  3. 39. Peter G. Peterson著,王晶譯,老年潮,聯經,2000年。
  4. 2. 王振寰,全球化、在地化與學習型區域:理論反省與重建,臺灣社會研究,第34期,頁69-112,1999年6月。
  5. 3. 江明修、梅高文,自律乎?他律乎?–財團法人監督機制之省思,中國行政評論,第12卷第2期,頁137-160,2003年3月。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李瓊華(2011)。兒童保護工作委託民間辦理之合作與監督─ 以家庭處遇服務方案委託為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2011。1-156。 
  2. 蔡雅竹(2014)。論我國長期照護雙法草案及其法律問題—兼論德國之長照保險制度。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。 
  3. 陳品榕(2013)。論公私協力履行社會福利任務─兼論國家擔保責任之理論與實踐。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-210。 
  4. 王宗雄(2011)。從分離到合作--- 論電信事業設備競爭之防弊與興利。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-181。 
  5. 闕銘富(2011)。行政訴訟權保障之現代意義-以2004年日本行政事件訴訟法修正為中心-。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-280。
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