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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, W. P., Kanaroglou, P. S., Miller, E. J., 1996, Urban Form, Energy and the Environment: A Review of Issues, Evidence and Policy, Urban Studies, Vol. 33:17-35.
  2. Brownstone, D., Golob, T. F., 2009, The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and energy consumption, Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 65:91-98.
  3. Burton, E., 2002, Measuring urban compactness in UK towns and cities, Planning and Design, Vol. 29:219-250.
  4. Camagni, R., Gibelli, M. C., Rigamonti, P., 2002, Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion, Ecological Economics, Vol. 40:199-216.
  5. Chen, H., Jia, B., Lau, S. S. Y., 2008, Sustainable urban form for Chinese compact cities: Challenges of a rapid urbanized economy, Habitat International, Vol. 32:28-40.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉子華(2015)。國內外城市溫室氣體盤查比較分析。交通大學環境工程系所學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  2. 廖翊展(2015)。都市實質環境意象之研究-以臺中市為例。逢甲大學都市計畫與空間資訊學系學位論文。2015。1-169。 
  3. 陳佑瑄(2013)。整合土地使用規劃概念之低碳城市指標研究 -以臺北市為例。臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-93。
  4. 吳欣祐(2013)。大眾運輸導向發展下低碳城市規劃設計策略之研究 -以新北市板橋站為例。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2013。1-99。
  5. 游信一(2014)。探討都市地區家戶運輸能源消耗之影響因素。臺北大學都市計劃研究所學位論文。2014。1-96。
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