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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰,2005,《公共政策》,臺北:巨流。
  2. 江明修,2000,〈我國基金會問題與健全之道〉,江明修主編,《第三部門:經營策略與民間參與》,臺北:智勝,頁215-267。
  3. 朱鎮明,2005,〈政策網絡中協力關係的成效—理論性的探討〉,《公共行政學報》,17:113-158。
  4. 呂育誠,2004,〈中央與地方夥伴關係的省思與展望〉,《中國行政》,75:29-56。
  5. 呂朝賢,2001,〈非營利組織與政府的關係—以九二一賑災為例〉,《台灣社會福利學刊》,2:39-77。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 解怡凡(2013)。非營利組織參與流域治理之模式探討:互動治理觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2013。1-184。 
  2. 林奐君(2015)。我國動物保護領域議題網絡圖像之建構-以流浪動物保護政策為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-159。 
  3. 吳思瑤(2013)。台北市動物保護政策之政經分析(1953-2013)。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-228。 
  4. 王韻琇(2013)。非營利動物保護團體社會企業化之研究—以台灣319愛貓協會為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  5. 古佳玉(2010)。台北市街區中的創意群聚研究 ─以中山雙連街區與師大路街區為例。政治大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-121。
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