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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adrianson, L. 2001. Gender and computer-mediated communication: Group process in problem solving. Computer in Human Behavior, 17: 71-94.
  2. AIM. 2008. AOL Instant Messenger. .
  3. Becht, M. C., & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. 2002. Crying and mood change: A cross-cultural study. Cognition and Emotion, 16(1): 87–101.
  4. Brody, L. R. 1985. Gender differences in emotional development: A review of theories and research. Journal of Personality, 53: 102–150.
  5. Collins, N. L., & Miller, L.C., 1994. Self-disclosure and liking: a meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 457–475.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士瑋(2013)。網路語言中漢語修辭使用之性別分析-以臺灣旅遊部落格為例。臺北科技大學應用英文研究所學位論文。2013。1-91。 
  2. 羅雯卉(2015)。LINE貼圖使用黏著度之因素探討。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2015。1-52。 
  3. 陳昱憲(2015)。大學生現實人際關係、網路人際關係、現實人際滿意度、網路人際滿意度與寂寞感、自尊之關係研究。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  4. 王建雅(2010)。八向度幽默風格量表之發展暨其與自尊、人格特質、依附風格關係之探討。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-283。
  5. 周明錫(2011)。回應策略對電子郵件收件者情緒認知之研究。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-61。
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