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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王火炎(2007),「銀行分支機構經營效率分析三階段DEA方法之應用」,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
  2. 2. 王媛慧及李文福,「我國大學院校際數效率之研究-資料包絡分析法的應用」,輔大管理評論,第十三卷第一期,頁163-186。
  3. 3. 王淑芬與謝文馨(2008) ,「臺灣地區銀行經營績效之分析-以泛公股銀行與民營銀行為例」,臺灣銀行季刊,第六十一卷第一期,頁20-21。
  4. 7. 林楚雄、張簡彰程與謝景成(2002),「三種修正歷史模擬法估計風險值模型之比較」,風險管理學報,第七卷第二期,頁183-201。
  5. 9. 李惠妍、吳宗正與溫敏杰(2006),「回歸模式與類神經網路在台股指數期貨預測之研究」,經營管理叢書,第一卷第二期,頁83-89。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳益龍(2013)。以系統思考觀點研究銀行國際競爭力-以M銀行為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-99。
  2. 劉昱呈(2014)。內部稽核單位於綠色供應鏈中的角色探討:利害關係人觀點之分析。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-117。
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