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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]史習安、陳佐任(2008)。正向主管獎賞行為如何影響員工的工作表現?目標接受與組織承諾的中介角色。組織與管理,2008年8月,第一卷二期,89-121頁。
  2. [7]吳欣怡(2006)。會議展覽規劃師專業職能、人格特質與工作績效關係之研究。國立高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. [10]吳欣蓓、陸洛、巫姍如(2010)。績效優異員工之背景與職能條件:在台上市電腦系統公司為例。人力資源管理學報 第10卷第2期(2010年6月)1-26頁。
  4. [15]洪麗美、陳春富、莊照明(2007)。技專校院總務主管對工作職能、工作壓力與組織承諾之關聯性研究。弘光學報52期。
  5. [16]郭仕堯、陳淑娟、李明翰(2009)。民航機師人格特質與專業職能對組織承諾之影響。航空、太空民航學刊系列B第四十一卷第二期第099-108頁(民國九十八年)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳儀甄(2016)。不動產經紀營業員應備職能之研究。逢甲大學土地管理學系學位論文。2016。1-194。 
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