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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]劉鐘軒、蔡正中、陳海雄(民102)。肝癌的診斷及治療最新發展。內科學誌,24,85-94。
  2. [3]黃釧峰 (民104)。宿主基因體變異與慢性 C 型肝炎病毒自然病程, 疾病嚴重度, 肝癌發生及治療療效之相關研究。高雄醫學大學臨床醫學研究所學位論文,未出版,高雄市。
  3. [4]衛生福利部中央健康保險署 (民105年2月18日)。B、C肝個案追蹤方案計畫書[公告]。台北市:中央健康保險署。民105年1月12日,取自: B、C肝個案追蹤方案計畫書.pdf
  4. [5]簡榮南 (民101)。慢性B型肝炎治療的現況。內科學誌,23,377-382。
  5. [6]衛生福利部中央健康保險署 (民105年2月2日)。全民健康保險加強慢性B型及C型肝炎治療試辦計畫問答集[公告]。台北市:中央健康保險署。民105年3月20日,取自:
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