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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (3)李寶琳,2000,”台北市國民小學高年級學童閱讀文化調查研究”,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. (13)林敏芳,2005,”線上評量應用於教學上的現狀與發展”,生活科技教育月刊,38卷,1期。
  3. (21)張春興,1991,現代心理學,東華,台北。
  4. (35)王炳欽、許君穗,2010,”晨讀十分鐘對國小二年級學童閱讀動機與閱讀行為之研究”,幼兒教育研究,2期,頁73-106。
  5. (4)Hatt, F. ,1976, What Does the Reader Want? The Reading Process : a Framework for Analysis and Description ,Clive Bingley, Lonon.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慧清(2016)。線上同步評量系統融入成語學習成效之研究。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-90。
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