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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 李冠瑋(2009),「應用Kano二維模式與都會區便利商店服務品質滿意度之研究」。國立虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,碩士論文。
  2. [2] 呂亦筑、陳錫琦、王榮祖、王榮昌(2014),「探討船舶與海運人員靈性對於兩岸貨資的重要性」,船舶科技44 期,頁35-50。
  3. [4] 吳建銘(2015),「以IPA 績效分析法探討青年農民之經營管理能力∼以雲嘉南地區蔬菜產業為例」,臺南區農業改良場研究彙報第65 號,頁69-81。
  4. [7] 吳崇旗、鄭恆星、王偉琴(2016),「應用IPA 探討自行車騎士對單車旅館之旅遊期望與滿意度」,運動休閒餐旅研究,11卷,1期,頁1-18。
  5. [8] 林政佑、劉聖幸、王建驊、龐金宗(2013),「應用模糊分析網路程序法於台鐵服務品質之評估」,全球商業經營管理學報,5期,頁101-111。
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