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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 張立中(2004),「DRAM的產業生態及競爭模式」,拓墣產業研究所。
  2. 24. 譚仲民(2005),「DRAM產業十年興衰–探索日本企業管理困境與全球競合趨勢」,國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 2. Anderson, D. S. (1992), "Identifying and responding to activist publics: A case study", Public Relations Research, 4(3), pp.151-165.
  4. 5. Ansari, A., and J. Heckel (1987), "JIT Purchasing: Impact of Freight and Inventory", Journal of Purchasing of Management.
  5. 6. Auster, E.R. (1991), "The Relation of Industry Evolution to Patterns of Technological Linkages, Joint Venture, and Directt Investment Between U.S. and Japan." Unpublished Paper. The Amas Tuck School of Business Administration, Dartouth College.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳以明(2016)。武器壽期管理下中科院內部稽核有效性之研究-FAHP應用之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-102。 
  2. 余昇融(2011)。代工料件採購模式最適化評估-以某電腦公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2011。1-77。
  3. 周佳京(2016)。供應商在買方採購決策中競爭優勢的研究。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-89。
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