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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1.1] D. C. Look, D. C. Reynolds, J. R. Sizelove, R. L. Jones, C. W. Litton, G. Cantwell, and W. C. Harsch, “Electrical properties of bulk ZnO” Solid State Common. 105 (1998) 399
  2. [1.2] D. C. Look, J. W. Hemsky, and J. R. Sizelove, “Residual Native Shallow Donor in ZnO” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (1999) 2552
  3. [1.3] S. Im, B. J. Jin, and S. Yi, “Ultraviolet emission and microstructural evolution in pulsed-laser-deposited ZnO films” J. Appl. Phys. 87 (2000) 4558
  4. [1.4] M. Chen, Z. L. Pei, X. Wang, C. Sun, and L. S. Wen, “Structural, electrical, and optical properties of transparent conductive oxide ZnO: Al film prepared by dc magnetron reactive sputtering” J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 19 (2001) 963
  5. [1.5] Y. Ryu, T.-S. Lee, J. A. Lubguban, H. W. White, B.-J. Kim, Y.-S. Park, and C.-J. Youn, “Next generation of oxide photonic devices: ZnO-based ultraviolet light emitting diodes” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 (2006) 241108
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉芳君(2011)。限制歲出預算保留額度對預算執行與財政管理影響之探討。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-64。
  2. 黃耀輝(2012)。國民中學校務評鑑倫理之研究─以北部六縣市為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-423。
  3. 巫泙霈(2017)。參與式預算對現行預算決策之影響分析:以臺北市政府為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-86。
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