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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 台灣營建研究院,「公共工程維護管理經費編審及查核制度之研究」,行政院公共工程委員會,台北(2001)。
  2. 14. OECD, “Field test of performance indicators for the road sector,” OECD Report, Paris (2000).
  3. 18. Maisel, L.S., “Performance management:the balanced scorecard approach,” Journal of Cost Management, Vol. 5, No.2, pp.47-52(1992).
  4. 19. 賴麗香,「平衡計分卡之規劃與設計—以某私立技術學院為例」,碩士論文,中原大學會計學系,中壢(2005)。
  5. 20. Kaplan, R. S. and Norton, D. P., The Strategy-Focused Organization:How Balanced Scorecard Companies The five in the New Business Environmen, Harvard Business School Pubishing Corporation, U. S. (2000).
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳伸偉(2009)。道路平整精進策略之研究。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-80。 
  2. 李怡萱(2004)。市區道路平坦度檢測標準及其於養護排序模式整合之應用。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2004。1-193。 
  3. 王文甫(2008)。公路養護作業資料倉儲之研究。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-89。
  4. 洪慶華(2011)。柔性鋪面修復週期與特定影響因子之研析-以公路總局中壢工務段為例。中央大學營建管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-79。
  5. 魏光譽(2014)。以平衡計分卡建構縣市政府道路養護管理指標之研究。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-265。
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