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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝1﹞ UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW(UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services),1995.
  2. ﹝4﹞ 台灣政府採購法,2006。
  3. ﹝7﹞ R. Marshall Engelbeck, Acquisition Management, United States, p157-162 ,2002.
  4. ﹝12﹞ 行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購法令彙編,第十八版,行政公共工程委員會,台北,2006/09。
  5. ﹝13﹞ 蘇明通,「政府採購制度研習報告」,行政院公共工程委員會,1991/08/05。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹傑閔(2012)。公共工程履約管理與爭議處理探討- 以國內四案及美國一案為例。中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文。2012。1-73。 
  2. 劉錦墩(2010)。隧道工程異常變形原因鑑定案例探討。臺北科技大學資源工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-230。 
  3. 董舒宜(2010)。分析半導體設備採購策略之關鍵要素與關聯性。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-55。
  4. 郭素蓉(2012)。政府機關辦理採購人員適當行為決策之研究-以「花博『花價風暴』」為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2012。1-163。
  5. 胡海潮(2015)。採購招標方式之選擇----政府採購法第十九條實踐論證。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2015。1-211。
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