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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 下為例。國立政治大學民族學系碩士論文,行政院客家委員會獎助博
  2. 王甫昌(2008)。族群政治議題在台灣民主化轉型中的角色。 臺灣民主季
  3. 丘昌泰(2008)。族群、文化與認同:連鎖關係的再檢視。國家與社會,5,
  4. 宋學文、黎寶文(2006)。臺灣客家運動之政策分析。人文及社會
  5. 李雲月(2011)。客語能力認證考試政策與國小客語教育中語言位階之研
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林作逸(2017)。臺灣客語政策之研究:1945-2017。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-211。 
  2. 蘇巧蘋(2015)。臺灣地方客家行政機關契約委外的治理研究:新北市義民祭個案分析。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-176。
  3. 吳秋蘭(2015)。客家文化重點發展區政策對客家族群認同之研究-以桃園市大園區為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-204。
  4. 魏伊婕(2015)。新北市客家文創產業經營策略之研究。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-134。
  5. 宋月華(2015)。客語能力認證獎勵之政策工具研究:以行政機關公務人員為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-153。
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