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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文科(1994)《課程與教學論》,臺北:五南圖書出版公司。
  2. 王文科(2000)。教育研究法。台北:五南。
  3. 白雲霞(2003)。學校本位課程發展理論、模式。臺北:高等教育。
  4. 李子建(2003)。學校本位課程發展:理論與取向。課程與教學季刊,6(3),
  5. 林佩璇(1999)。學校本位課程發展的個案研究:台北縣鄉土教學活動的課程發展。未出版之博士論文,國立台灣師範大學教育系,台北市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑珍(2012)。國民小學低年級教師學習社群長期發展之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-156。
  2. 蔡智惠(2016)。偏遠地區小學本位課程規劃及具體成效之EGM 研究-以雲林縣二崙鄉義賢國小為例。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-126。
  3. 許娟婷(2016)。雲林縣永續國小「轉型優質學校本位課程」發展歷程、影響因素及因應策略之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-155。
  4. 林宜儒(2016)。幼教師發展幼兒園本位課程之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-148。
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