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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 227 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 人本教育文教基金會(2011)。這樣「反霸凌」有用嗎?。校園霸凌國際研討會,人本教育文教基金會主辦。
  2. 吳文琪(1999)。台北市國中生之暴力行為與溝通技巧的關係。碩士論文,國立台灣大學。
  3. 吳宗曄(2005)。性別角色標準的改變。南華大學社會學研究所網路社會學通訊期刊,48。
  4. 吳欣怡(1999)。青少年自我尊重模式之驗證。碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學。
  5. 吳武典(1979)。國小氣氛的因素分析與追蹤研究。師大教育心理學報,12,135-156。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳汝盈(2017)。國中學生知覺導師服務領導、學生人際關係與班級歸屬感關係之研究:以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-239。 
  2. 陳美如(2014)。性霸凌防治課程對國中智能障礙學生實施成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-174。 
  3. 陳佩君(2014)。嘉義縣市國中學生性別分化類型與科學學習興趣關係之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-192。
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