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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀春、林月玲、李碧霞(1997),台北市某市立醫院護理人員離職原因之探討,護理新象,7(2),658-672。
  2. 毛義方、蔡忠融、徐雅媛、徐镜暉、毛敬琪、盧士一、陳美蓮(2011),我國醫院員工超工時與輪班研究,勞工安全衛生研究季刊,19(2),223-232。
  3. 王淑蓉、童曉萍、陳美容、曾雯琦(2011),傾聽心的聲音-運用輔導會談分析基層護理人員工作壓力,中華職業醫學雜誌,18(3),211-220。
  4. 行政院衛生署出版品(2008),台灣護理,台北:衛生署。
  5. 行政院衛生署衛生統計動向報告書(2011),醫療設施、醫事人力現況及醫療服務。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃惠鈺(Hui-Yu Huang);趙銘崇(Minston Chao);高有怡(Yu-Yi Kao);張敏玉(Min-Yu Chang);楊馨怡(Hsin-Yi Yang)(2016)。部份工時勞動力投入與護理人員工作壓力關係之研究。榮總護理。33(4)。407-418。 
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