Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇(2006)。〈放寬外籍監護工申請之後呢?以「照顧公共化」破除解構「外勞vs.本勞」與「外勞vs.雇主」利益衝突的迷思〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第61期,頁283-317。
  2. 李涂怡娟、吳鄭善明(2011)。〈照顧服務員工作環境與社會印象之研究—以屏東縣為例〉,《台灣健康照顧研究學刊》,第11期。
  3. 吳淑瓊、王正、呂寶靜、莊坤洋、張媚、戴玉慈、曹愛蘭、陳正芬(2003)。《建構長期照護體系先導計畫─第三年計畫》。內政部年度委託研究計畫。
  4. 呂寶靜、陳正芬(2009)。〈我國居家照顧服務員職業證照與培訓制度之探究:從英國和日本的作法反思台灣〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,第十三卷第一期,頁185-206。
  5. 范光中 許永河(2010)。〈台灣人口高齡化的社經衝擊〉,《台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌》,5(3),頁149-168。
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