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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顧杭、龐冠群譯(2004)。〈大規模生產傳統:1870-1914年的歐洲〉,《傳統的發明》,頁338-395。南京市:譯林。(原書 Hobsbawm, Eric. (1983). Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914. In Eric Hobsbawm & Terence Ranger, The Invention of Tradition (pp.263-308). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  2. 王甫昌(1996)。〈台灣反對運動的共識動員:一九七九至一九八九年兩次挑戰高峰的比較〉,《台灣政治學刊》,1:129-210。
  3. 王雅玄(2008)。〈CDA方法論的教科書應用:兼論其解構與重建角色〉,《教育學刊》,30:61-100。
  4. 王孝勇(2012)。〈Mikhail Bakhtin的對話主義及其對批判論述分析的再延伸:以白玫瑰運動為例〉,《政治與社會哲學評論》,40:149-202。
  5. 吳孟芬(2008)。《國小社會教科書族群意識形態之批判論述分析》,台北教育大學課程與教育學研究所碩士論文。
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