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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳欣倫(2011)。碩士生五大人格特質、生涯自我效能與生涯調適力之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學:台北市。
  2. 李瑩英、陳永芳、林清富(2014)。臺灣高等教育與人才培育之未來:問題與對策。臺灣大學公共政策與法律研究中心期末報告(編號:CPPL102-01)。2015年6月16日,取自網頁:
  3. 沈煜棠(2015)。科技大學學生家庭功能、正向心理資源與生涯調適能力之研究-以臺南市為例(未出版之碩士論文)。中國文化大學,臺北市。
  4. 李藹慈、聶子敬(2010)。創意生涯規劃課程對大學生生涯決策自我效能之影響。課程與教學季刊,13(1),141-172。
  5. 邱皓政(2011b)。當PLS遇上SEM:議題與對話。量化研究學刊,3(1),20-53。
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