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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 林烈全(2003)。液壓成形專利分析探索。鍛造,12(1),48-53。
  2. 20. 范德光(2004)。台灣製茶工業五十年來的發展。台北市:台灣區製茶工業同業公會。
  3. 23. 徐榮俊(2006)。台灣茶葉經營策略之研究:以天仁茗茶為例。中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 30. 陳達仁(2007)。專利檢索與分析。台北市:經濟部智慧財產局。
  5. 32. 黃文儀(2004)。專利實務。台北市:三民。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭偉宏(2009)。台灣養殖漁業之技術發展趨勢與技術策略—專利分析法之應用。屏東科技大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-181。 
  2. 劉德珮(2009)。以專利分析探討台灣咖啡產業之關鍵技術。屏東科技大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。 
  3. 宮良政(2008)。從專利及品種權探討台灣植物種苗產業技術發展。屏東科技大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-138。 
  4. 周書瑜(2011)。利用專利檢索與分析提供產品發展方向-以靈芝產業為例。政治大學智慧財產研究所學位論文。2011。1-103。
  5. 鍾彧華(2012)。Nichia LED專利策略研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-127。
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