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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中山工商 (2006)。山中傳奇。學校體育雙月刊,16(2),3-8。
  2. 李坤培 (2003a)。台大運動代表隊發展面臨的困境之探討。台大體育,41,39-43。
  3. 李坤培 (2006)。高中體育班實施成效評估之研究。大專體育學刊,8(1),33-46。
  4. 周美珍﹑李建志﹑許文玲 (2003)。國小學童運動代表隊生活適應現況分析研究。中華民國大專院校九十二年度體育學術研討會專刊,桃園:國立體育學院。
  5. 周宏室 (2006)。體育班訪視之我見。學校體育,16(1),96-102。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭雅靜(2011)。屏東縣國民中學社團活動課程現況調查研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
  2. 謝旻凱(2011)。學校運動代表隊品牌形象發展歷程之研究-以98學年度高中甲級籃球聯賽為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-169。
  3. 潘冠璇(2011)。新北市國民中學運動代表隊選手參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-118。
  4. 鍾月圓(2012)。臺北市國民小學運動代表隊選手參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2012。1-103。
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