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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 16 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]黃志芳、黃偉城、陳朝棟、邱正宇、周騰達,”南部某醫學中心全民健保成人預防健康檢查結果分析”,臺灣家庭醫學雜誌,第15卷第3期,2005年,頁147-158。
  2. [5]蘇騰葳、王維理、郭嘉昇、盧佳文、楊偉勛、黃國晉,”2015年美國糖尿病學會臨床治療指引摘要”,台北市醫師公會會刊,第59卷第2期,2015年,頁35-46。
  3. [6]Barber, S.R., Davies, M.J., Khunti, K., Gray, L.J., “Risk assessment tools for detecting those with pre-diabetes: A systematic review,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 105, pp. 1–13, 2014.
  4. [7]Brown, N., Critchley, J., Bogowicz, P., Mayige, M., Unwin, N., “Risk scores based on self-reported or available clinical data to detect undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes: A systematic review,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 98, pp. 369–385, 2012.
  5. [8]Liao, S.H., Chu, P.H., Hsiao P.Y., “Data mining techniques and applications – A decade review from 2000 to 2011,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 39, pp. 11303-11311, 2012.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓佩凌(2012)。正向心理取向家長諮詢之賦能動力模式。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-301。
  2. 陳民弦(2017)。植基於樹狀機率與類神經算法之糖尿病分類器-以台中慈濟醫院為例。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2017。1-47。
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