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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Bardram, J. E. (2004). Applications of context-aware computing in hospital work: examples and design principles. Proceedings of the 2004 ACM symposium on Applied computing, SAC ’04 (pp. 1574–1579). New York, NY, USA: ACM. doi:10.1145/967900.968215
  2. [3] Bekkestua. (2003). Mobile Education -A Glance at The Future. Retrieved from
  3. [5] Chang, C. Y., Sheu, J. P., & Chan, T. W. (2003). Concept and design of Ad Hoc and Mobile classrooms. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 19(3), 336-346. doi:10.1046/j.0266-4909.00035.x
  4. [6] Chen. (2003). A mobile learning system for scaffolding bird watching learning. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 19, 347-359.
  5. [7] Chen, Y.-S., Kao, T.-C., Sheu, J.-P., & Chiang, C.-Y. (2002). A Mobile Scaffolding-Aid-Based Bird-Watching Learning System. Proceedings IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, WMTE ’02 (pp. 15–22). Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society. Retrieved from
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王湘筠(2014)。行動學習融入中小學教師教學發展及檢核工具研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-122。 
  2. 林君美(2014)。利用行動學習來提升學生之學習成效-以兩步驟文字題為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-91。
  3. 洪永男(2017)。高齡產業商業模式創新之分類、發展與驗證-服務設計取向。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2017。1-199。
  4. 李志豪(2017)。行動學習融入高職數學指數與對數單元之 行動研究-以新北市某高職一年級為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2017。1-85。
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