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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院環境保護署,2006高雄市餐飲業空氣污物染管制及改善輔導補助計畫。
  2. 施映羽,2010,臺灣夜市飲食文化體驗模式探討-以高雄六合觀光夜市為例,碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅學院,臺灣飲食文化產業研究所,高雄。
  3. 郭子寧,2012,夜市遊客消費經驗、需求滿足對參與意願之影響,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,休閒事業管理系,臺中。
  4. 詹月雲,黃勝雄,2002,「觀光夜市發展之課題與對策探討─以高雄六合觀光夜市為例」,土地問題研究季刊,第1卷,第4期,第62-78頁。
  5. Bjorseth, A. and Ramahl, T., 1983, “Sources and Emission of PAH. Handbook of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons,” Vol. 1, Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York and Basel.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李建億(2015)。台灣傳統紙錢製造業作業環境中多環芳香烴化合物特性分析與作業人員暴露危害之探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2015。1-142。 
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