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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 林嬋娟與張哲嘉,2009,「董監事異常變動,家族企業與企業舞弊之關聯性」,會計評論,48,頁1-33。
  2. 4. 陳彩稚與龐嘉慧,2008,「董監事暨重要職員責任險之需求因素分析」,臺大管理論叢,18.2,頁171-195。
  3. 5. 陳瑞斌、翁慈青與朱全斌,2009,「揭露水準對於信用評等與負債資金成本之影響」,財務金融學刊,17.2,頁71-110。
  4. 7. 張元與陳虹羽,2015,「董監事責任險公司信用評分」,兩岸金融季刊,3.3,頁73-112。
  5. 9. 湯麗芬、廖秀梅與李建然,2014,「董監事暨重要職員責任險對管理階層盈餘管理行為之影響」,經濟論文,42.3,頁331-368。
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