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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林進南(2013)。2014年營造業景氣趨勢調查報告。台北市:臺灣經濟研究院產經資料庫。
  2. 劉佩真(2014)。不動產業景氣動態報告。台北市:臺灣經濟研究院產經資料庫。
  3. 吳濟華、何柏正、黃元璋(2008)。臺灣地區營造業營運績效與經營策略。中華民國建築學會建築學報,64,25-48。
  4. 王琮珀(2008)。房屋仲介業擴展模式之研究。東海大學會計研究所,台中市。
  5. 薄喬萍、蔡美英、蔡明智(2012)。資料包絡分析之折衷權重的探討。管理研究學報,11 (2),89-110。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林家銘(2017)。運用資訊科技軟體改善建築業設計及管理模式--以信陞營造工程有限公司為例。朝陽科技大學資訊管理系學位論文。2017。1-42。
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