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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王正惠、林佳玲、王美娥、吳桂芳、周獻章、江明哲、蔡幸 (2014) •提升血液透析病患水份控制之專案•台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌, 13(3),12-25。
  2. 王魯梅 (2006) •運用充能概念探討多媒體互動式光碟對血液透析患者自我照顧、無力感及生活品質促進之成效•未發表碩士論文•高雄:輔英科技大學護理系碩士班。
  3. 江玲芳、陳麗娟、黃美莉 (2008) •腹膜透析病患水分控制改善專案•台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,7(2),40-47。
  4. 江蕙娟 (2010) •多媒體影音光碟介入對護理人員執行失能者功能評估知能成效之探討•未發表碩士論文•臺中:中臺科技大學護理研究所碩士班。
  5. 吳明珠、劉秀芬、廖小雅 (2008) •血液透析病患高血鉀預防衛教改善專案•澄清醫護管理雜誌,4(1),52-58。
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