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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14. 黃俊傑(2006)。飛機飛行控制系統之可靠度研究。碩士論文,元智大學工業工程與管理學系研究所。
  2. 21. 龔昶元、葛維鈞、何明宗、劉慧君 (2006) 「灰色預測模式運用於台灣地區醫師人力供需之研究-以婦產科醫師、耳鼻喉科醫師為例」,第十一屆灰色系統理論與應用研討會,pp.205-214。
  3. 24.龔昶元、陳悅琴、陳其域 (2009)。塑膠機械產品需求預測模式之研究
  4. 25.劉慧君(2009)「台灣地區未來牙醫師人力供需研究-灰色預測模式之應用」。碩士論文,朝陽科技大學企業管理研究所。
  5. 26. 龔昶元、洪伯毅、洪裕誠 (2009)。應用灰色理論預測國際筆記型電腦市場發展趨勢。碩士論文,朝陽科技大學企業管理系研究所。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文鎮(2012)。以灰預測來提升零售業銷售預測準確度的可行性研究。交通大學管理學院高階主管管理碩士學程學位論文。2012。1-37。 
  2. 張貴森(2013)。來台旅客住宿需求預測之研究--灰色預測方法之應用。朝陽科技大學旅館經營產業碩士專班學位論文。2013。1-55。
  3. 陳昭男(2013)。應用灰色理論於磨潤試驗之研究。虎尾科技大學機械與機電工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-112。
  4. 郭勇志(2014)。以限制理論提升後勤修護資源管理研究-以臺灣南部某機場為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-54。
  5. 劉光進(2017)。應用灰色理論預測汽車產業銷售-以南部某汽車經銷商為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-56。
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