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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余泰魁、李能慧、吳桂森(2005)。金門觀光客旅遊行為意向實證研究-線性結構模式之交叉效度驗證。觀光研究學報,11(4),355-384。
  2. 吳佩芬(1997)。主題遊客對主題意象認知之研究-以六福村主題樂園為例。(未出版碩士論文)。逢甲大學,台中市。
  3. 沈進成、王伯文(2004)。民宿體驗對遊客意象及忠誠度影響關係之研究-以奮起湖地區為例。旅遊管理研究,4(2),195-213。
  4. 沈進成、周君妍(2006)。整合行銷傳播、旅遊意象、知名度、滿意度對忠誠度關係之研究-以古坑華山為例。運動與遊憩研究,1(1),1-24。
  5. 沈進成、廖若岑(2005)。不同旅遊意象遊客之旅遊體驗與忠誠度影響關係之研究─以華山咖啡為例。生物與休閒事業研究,3(1),43-56。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳毓芬(2016)。步道認養者之認養動機與涉入之探討─以臺中市龍井區竹坑南寮步道為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-125。
  2. 涂乘義(2017)。陸客參與休閒潛水刺激尋求、知覺風險對遊後行為意圖影響之研究-以墾丁為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-150。
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