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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 吳濟華、何柏正、黃元璋 (2006),台灣地區營造業營運績效與經營策略,建築學報,第64期,25-48頁。
  2. 7. 洪維廷、尚瑞國 (2005),台灣地區上市櫃建設公司純粹管理效率評估:四階段資料包絡分析法之應用,建築學會,第53卷,1-20頁。
  3. 8. 俞聖筠 (2010),產業集中度、公司獲利能力與股票報酬,大同大學事業經營學所碩士論文。
  4. 12. 陳博亮、周劍虹、鄭一俊、林志蒼、戴玉珍 (2010),台灣地區上市上櫃營建公司經營效率分析,建築學會,,第73卷, 25-50頁。
  5. 16. 魏衍、陳振川、林正平、許鎧麟 (2001),提昇台灣營建產業國際競爭力之研究,財團法人台灣營建研究院。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李盈君(2016)。智慧資本、效率與生產力- ECFA早收與非早收名單產業在ECFA實施前後之差異比較。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2016。1-73。
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